วันเสาร์, สิงหาคม 13, 2022
หน้าแรกScience & EnvironmentThe Robotic Guerrilla Campaign to Recreate the Elgin Marbles

The Robotic Guerrilla Campaign to Recreate the Elgin Marbles

The Parthenon, made some 2,500 a long time in the past by the sculptor Phidias, was the quintessence of Hellenic architecture: fantastic lines, tall Doric columns alongside the sides and friezes in significant and small reduction that convey a Panathenaic procession, an ancient Greek pageant to rejoice the city’s patron goddess, Athena, as properly as four Ionic columns supporting the roof of the opisthodomos, the back again room of the temple.

For 1,000 yrs, the temple was still left much more or less intact. When Christianity received a foothold in the japanese component of the Roman Empire, the Parthenon became the Church of the Parthenos Maria (Virgin Mary), then a mosque and at last a Turkish gunpowder depot.

In 1687, all through a siege by the Venetians, the munitions exploded, killing hundreds of individuals, tearing off the roof of the making and shattering 28 columns, areas of the frieze and the inner rooms. For the up coming century or so, the rubble presented doorsteps and hearthstone for the neighborhood populace and mortar for the developing trade, while the Turkish garrison utilized the carved figures for focus on observe. By the time Lord Elgin took up his diplomatic post in Constantinople, some 40 per cent of the temple’s initial sculptural decoration had been ruined.

A vaguely worded license from the Ottomans licensed Lord Elgin’s males to take away “some pieces of stone with old inscriptions, and figures.” Although there was no specific permission to reduce sculptures off the Parthenon, Elgin seemingly took an expansive watch, carting off about 50 percent of the surviving sculptures on the Athenian citadel. His trove provided 17 lifestyle-size figures from the temple’s pediments, 15 of the 92 metopes that adorned the exterior of the constructing and about half — a 247-foot part — of the sculpted frieze that at the time ran close to the within.

The earl had planned to have these ancient treasures grace Broomhall, his state house in Scotland. But a person cargo, aboard the H.M.S. Mentor, was delayed when the ship foundered off the Greek island of Cythera in 1802. Several crates ended up lost overboard, and it took much more than two several years to salvage them from the sea.

In the course of the class of his aristocratic experience, Elgin was arrested in France as a prisoner of war and imprisoned for 3 a long time, and he lost his fortune, his wife and the idea of his nose (possibly from syphilis, allegedly, or the mercury treatment plans he took for bronchial asthma). In 1816, the cashpoor Elgin bought the marbles to the British Parliament for 35,000 British lbs . — the equivalent of at least £3.6 million, or $4.35 million, today — about half the amount he experienced spent to safe and transport them. The artifacts had been then passed into the trusteeship of the British Museum.

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